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Filipino American Community ASAM 8

Ethnic Studies introduction to experiences, histories, and contributions of Filipina/o Americans, past and present.

The Research Process

This short video goes through the steps of the research process. An active RAM ID is required to access the video from off-campus.

Screen Shot of Research Process Video


Paper with magnifying glass [by Freepik]Spend some time trying to understand what your instructor wants. For example, you may be asked to write a research paper on a particular aspect of something broader you are discussing in class. It may help to jump into a background resource to get a broad understanding of the topic again. A background resource might be an online encyclopedia of some kind.

Take notes as you read the background source. Did your brain gravitate to any particular angle on the topic? Is this something you could pursue in your paper?

Brain and pencil icon [by Eucalyp]After exploring the broad topic in a background resource (such as Credo), and thinking through your focus/aspect, it's a good idea to write down words to help with the search.

The table below is an example on how to brainstorm related, synonymous, and adjacent terms that might help you find great sources! The words you use access different information from different communities. 

Example research topic: gentrification (and what about it??)

Search Word Brainstorm
main words main topic: gardening focus/angle: economics
synonyms & helpful terms

planting, agrology. agronomics. agronomy. farming.

urban environment

urban environment, city environment,

metropolitan environment, built-up environment

Try the library's OneSearch to cross search all the excellent content you have access to as a CCSF student! CCSF Library resources are often NOT available for free in a Google Search.

Here is an example using some of the words we brainstormed in the previous part of our process: 

Example OneSearch process - using Advanced search option: line 1 - used search word gentrification; line 2 - used San Francisco search word; line 3: economy or financial or scarcity (search words)

(Want to see? The demo search is available.)

By skimming your first page of results, you will get a sense of whether your combination of search words was helpful. If there is not one single helpful result on the page, go back to your word brainstorm and replace an old search word with a new one. Here are some things to consider when looking at the results of a search: 

Magnifying Glass icon [by Freepik]

  1. Skim the initial set of results and think, "Where are my search words coming up?"
    • In the title?
    • In the subjects?
    • When you click into the item, do you see any of your search words in the abstract?
  1. Look at the page length of the items you are surfacing.
    • This is not to say that you don't want to use long items - there are some gems in there! But think about your assignment and the amount of time you have to complete it. If an item is too long to use in it's entirety (such as an entire ebook), you may be able to use a section (such as a relevant chapter within an ebook). 
  2. Can you focus your search beyond the words you put in? In some library tools, you may see some check boxes to adjust your results.
    • If you are looking for academic sources, clicking the filter for "Peer-reviewed journals" may help.
    • You may also want to adjust the date range of results. 
Resist the urge to pick ALL of your needed sources in one go!
Instead, pick a couple of sources, read them deeply, and take notes.
You can find more in your next layer of searching!

Did you read your first few sources? Really REALLY read them? Good! Your brain is probably swirling with ideas! Good ones, bad ones, annoyed ones, anxious ones.

What are you thinking about? What did you highlight the most? What is sparking interest in your brain?


  • Icon - person, cog, thinking = cyclical processPay attention to what your brain is gravitating toward,
  • brainstorm some new search words, and
  • search again!

You will find results that did not come up last time, and your search words will be even more specific to your interest, and this will help you find what you need to write your paper. By giving your brain room to think deeply, you can find even more sources to include in your project, and they will help you write an amazing research paper.

Good luck! We are here in the library and ready to help. Visit us today!

Citing Sources

Any words, ideas or images that you do not create yourself must be properly credited to avoid plagiarism.  

Citing information sources acknowledges the origin of your information and it provides support and credibility to your work by showing evidence of your research.

A citation is a reference to the source of an idea, information or image.  It typically includes enough identifying information, such as the author, title, date,  publication format, etc. Access the CCSF Library Citing Sources page for handouts and link on how to cite a source. 

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