This guide is a quick introduction to APA style and common citations. For more detailed examples and procedures, look at the APA 7th Edition Style and Grammar Guidelines from the American Psychological Association.
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Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date). Title of the work. Source where you can retrieve the work. URL or DOI if available
I'm citing a...
Ashing‐Giwa, K. T., Padilla, G., Tejero, J., Kraemer, J., Wright, K., Coscarelli, A., Clayton, S., Williams, I., & Hills, D. (2004). Understanding the breast cancer experience of women: A qualitative study of African American, Asian American, Latina and Caucasian cancer survivors. Psycho‐Oncology: Journal of the Psychological, Social and Behavioral Dimensions of Cancer, 13(6), 408-428. https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.750
Kennedy, M. (2018, October 15). To prevent wildfires, PG&E pre-emptively cuts power to thousands in California. NPR. https://www.npr.org/2018/10/15/657468903/to-prevent-wildfires-pg-e-preemptively-cuts-power-to-thousands-in-california
Books (Print or Online)
Silbert-Flagg, J., & Pillitteri, A. (2018). Maternal & child health nursing : Care of the childbearing & childrearing family (8th ed.). Wolters Kluwer.
McFarland, J. (2017). On privilege, authority, and abuses of professorial power. In E. Knox (Ed.), Trigger warnings: History, theory, context (pp. 165-178). Rowman & Littlefield.
A Web page without a named author may be either a Web page where the Organization is the author or a Web page where there is no author.
Webpage with Organization as Author
Electronic Frontier Foundation. (n.d.). Net neutrality. https://www.eff.org/issues/net-neutrality
Webpage with no Author
Disability in San Francisco. (n.d.) San Francisco Human Services Agency, Department of Disability and Aging Services. https://www.sfhsa.org/about/reports-publications/disability-san-francisco
San Francisco Department of Public Health. (2019, April). Sexually transmitted disease annual summary, 2017. https://www.sfdph.org/dph/files/reports/StudiesData/STD/SFSTDAnnlSum2017.pdf
Probably built by Roman Emperor Hadrian. (ca. 117-138 AD). Temple of Zeus [architecture]. Artstor, Sites and Photos (The Magal Collection). https://www.artstor.org/
J_D_L. (2007, September 17). Rainbow [photograph]. Flickr. https://flic.kr/p/3m6rRM
Fabian, R. (Director). (2011). Plagiarism 2.0: Information ethics in the digital age [Video]. Cambridge Educational.
Morris, M. (Director). (2017). A new color [Video]. Galewind Films.
(Author's Last Name or Organization, Year).
If you're quoting the exact words of someone else, introduce the quote with an in-text citation in parentheses. Any sentence punctuation goes after the closing parenthesis.
If you're directly quoting more than 40 words...
Use a blockquote. Block quotes don't need quotation marks, but are indented 1/2" as a visual cue of a citation. The in-text citation in parentheses goes after the punctuation of the quotation.
Shavers (2007) study found the following:
While research studies have established that socioeconomic status influences disease incidence, severity and access to healthcare, there has been relatively less study of the specific manner in which low SES influences receipt of quality care and consequent morbidity and mortality among patients with similar disease characteristics, particularly among those who have gained access to the healthcare system. (p. 1021)
Pro Tip: Use direct quotes sparingly! Research cited in an APA paper is focused more on the synthesis of findings from a variety of research studies, and less about the exact phrasing or argument of an individual.
Paraphrasing or summarizing the main findings or takeaways from a research article is the preferred method of citing sources in an APA paper. Always include the last name of the author(s) and the year of the article, so your reader can find the full citation in the reference list.
According to Shavers (2007), limitations of studying socioeconomic status in research on health disparities include difficulties in collecting data on socioeconomic status and the complications of classifying women, children, and employment status, among others (p. 1016).
You only need the author's last name and the year.
Connect both authors' last names with & (ampersand), and include the year.
(Wegener & Petty, 1994)
If there are 3 or more authors use et al., which means "and others."
(Harris et al., 2018)
If the work has no author, use a shortened form of the title in parentheses. Note that titles are capitalized in in-text citations.
Book with no author: (Interpersonal Skills, 2019)
Article with no author: ("Understanding Sensory Memory," 2018)
1. Highlight the citaiton with your cursor.
2. Right click.
3. Select Paragraph.
4. Under Indentation, select Special and Hanging.
1. Double click the header on the second page.
2. Select Page Numbers and top right.
3. Right click the page number.
4. Select Format Page Numbers.
5. Change Start at from 1 to 0.
Note: Make sure the header is set to Different First Page for the running head.
This guide was adapted from a guide created by Tessa Withorn and Maggie Clarke and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.