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Citing Sources

Guide to citing sources in APA and MLA styles (more styles coming soon).

MLA Citation, 8th Edition

Modern Language Association (MLA) Citation Style

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MLA Works Cited

MLA Works Cited

Basic Format:
MLA citations are made up of the following core elements in the order given below. Note: not every citation will include all 9 elements. 

MLA Core Elements of a citation

Image credit: Works Cited: A Quick Guide (MLA Style Center)

I'm citing a...

 

  1. Author(s). [One author example: Castelli, Darla M.; Two author example: Castelli, Darla M. and David Goss.; Three or more authors example: Castelli, Darla M. et al.]
  2. "Title of the Article." [capitalized and in quotation marks]
  3. Title of the Journal, [capitalized and in italics],
  4. vol. #, [volume number of the journal, abbreviated]
  5. no. #, [issue number of the journal (if any), abbreviated]
  6. Year,
  7. pp. xxx-xxx. [starting page number - ending page number, with pp. in front]
If accessed online or in a library database...
  1. Database, [capitalized and in italics]
  2. DOI or URL. [Digital object identifier always preferred. If using URL, use permalink if available and remove http://]
  3. Accessed Day Mo. Year. [Optional, but recommended when publication date is unknown]

 

With DOI

Castelli, Darla M., et al. "Healthy Outcomes for Teens Project: Diabetes Prevention through Distributed Interactive Learning." Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, vol. 13, no. 3, 2011, pp. 359-64. Gale Academic OneFile, doi.org/10.1089/dia.2010.0125

With URL

Takagi, Chiaki. " Third Space Wonderland and the End of the Modern: Representation of Tokyo in the Works of Murakami Haruki." Southeast Review of Asian Studies, vol. 32, 2010, pp. 193-198. Gale Academic OneFile, link.gale.com/apps/doc/A293544446/AONE?u=ccsf_main&sid=AONE&xid=958dfe04

 

  1. Author(s). [One author example: Castelli, Darla M.; Two author example: Castelli, Darla M. and David Goss.; Three or more authors example: Castelli, Darla M. et al.]
  2. "Title of the Article." [capitalized and in quotation marks]
  3. Title of the Newspaper or Publication, [capitalized and in italics]
  4. Publication date, [formatted like this: Day Mo. Year]
  5. pp. xxx-xxx. [starting page number - ending page number, with pp. in front]
  6. URL. [use permalink if available and remove http://]
  7. Accessed Day Mo. Year. [Optional, but recommended when publication date is unknown]

 

Magazine Article (from a database)

Hiatt, Brian. "The Psychedelic Superhero."Rolling Stone, 1 Sep. 2011, pp. 48-74. ccsf.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f6h&AN=65034462&site=ehost-live.

Newspaper Article (from a website)

Cochrane, Emily, and Noah Weiland. "Hillary Clinton, the N.F.L., Roy Moore and Other Asides from the President." New York Times, 16 Nov. 2018, nyti.ms/2zf1TPB.

 

  1. Author(s). [One author example: Castelli, Darla M.; Two author example: Castelli, Darla M. and David Goss.; Three or more authors example: Castelli, Darla M. et al.]
  2. Title of the Book. [capitalized and in italics]
  3. Edition [number] ed., [if any, such as 3rd or 5th, followed by ed.]
  4. Publisher, [capitalized]
  5. Year.
If an eBook accessed in a library database...
  1. Database, [in italics]
  2. DOI or URL. [Digital object identifier always preferred. If using URL, use permalink if available and remove http://]
  3. Accessed Day Mo. Year. [Optional, recommended when publication date is unknown]

 

Print Book
Bell, Suzanne S. Librarian's Guide to Online Searching: Cultivating Database Skills for Research and Instruction. 4th ed., Libraries Unlimited, 2015.

eBook

Siegel, Ethan. Beyond the Galaxy: How Humanity Looked beyond Our Milky Way and Discovered the Entire Universe. World Scientific, 2016. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost), search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=1105694&site=ehost-live
(Use when citing a chapter, essay, story, poem or entry from a book.)

 

  1. Author(s) of the Chapter/Essay. [One author example: Castelli, Darla M.; Two author example: Castelli, Darla M. and David Goss.; Three or more authors example: Castelli, Darla M. et al.]
  2. "Title of the Chapter/Essay." [capitalized and in quotes]
  3. Title of the Book, [capitalized and in italics]
  4. Edited by , [First and Last Names of the editors, separated by commas if more than one]
  5. Edition [number] ed., [if any, such as 3rd or 5th, followed by ed.]
  6. Publisher, [capitalized]
  7. Year,
  8. pp. xxx-xxx. [starting page number - ending page number, with pp. in front]
If an eBook chapter accessed from a library database...
  1. Database, [capitalized and in italics]
  2. DOI or URL. [Digital object identifier always preferred. If using URL, use permalink if available and remove http://]
  3. Accessed Day Mo. Year. [Optional, but recommended when publication date is unknown]

 

Chapter from a Print Book
Jackson, Shirley. "The Lottery." An Introduction to Fiction, edited by X.J. Kennedy, 5th ed., HarperCollins, 1991, pp. 194-200.

Chapter from an eBook

Halopeau, Bruno. "Terrorist Use of the Internet." Cyber Crime and Cyber Terrorism Investigator's Handbook, edited by Babak Akhgar, Andrew Staniforth, and Francesca Bosco, Syngress, 2014. Safari, learning.oreilly.com/library/view/cyber-crime-and/9780128007433/B9780128007433000104.xhtml.

 

  1. Author, [if any, capitalized]
  2. "Title of Webpage/Article." [capitalized and in quotes]
  3. Title of Website, [capitalized and in italics]
  4. Name of Publisher/Organization, [include and capitalize only if different from title of website]
  5. Date of Publication. [if any, formatted like this: Day Mo. Year]
  6. URL. [remove http://]
  7. Accessed Day Mo. Year. [Optional, but recommended when publication date is unknown]

 

Examples
"Coping with Stress." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 3 Sep. 2019, www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/suicide/copingwith-stresstips.html.
"MLA Formatting and Style Guide." Purdue Online Writing Lab, owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/mla_style/mla_formatting_and_style_guide/ Accessed 27 Nov. 2019.

MLA In-text Citations

MLA In-text Citations

Basic Format:
(Last Name Page #).

Note: It is okay to omit page numbers from in-text citations if your source does not have them. 

I'm citing...

You only need the author's last name and the page number

(Burke 3)

Connect both authors' last names with and, and include the page number.

(Best and Marcus 9)

Use the first author's last name and et al., and include the page number.

(Franck et al. 327)

Use a shortened title of the work and include the page number.

("Impact of Global Warming" 127)

What does the general format of an MLA paper look like?

What does the general format of an MLA paper look like? 

How do I make a hanging indent in Word?

Make a new gif using an MLA example instead of APA. Maybe show/mention/demo google docs?

How do I make a hanging indent in Word?

1. Highlight the citation with your cursor. 

2. Right click. 

3. Select Paragraph.

4. Under Indentation, select Special and Hanging.

Animated gif of creating a hanging indent in Word. Highlight the full citation. Right click. Go to Paragraph. To to the Special drop down menu, select Hanging. Select Okay.

CC Lincense

Creative Commons License CC by NC 4.0 This guide was created by Tessa Withorn and Jillian Holt Eslami and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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