Skip to a section on this page:
MLA citations are made up of the following core elements in the order given below. Note: not every citation will include all 9 elements.
Image credit: Works Cited: A Quick Guide (MLA Style Center)
I'm citing a...
If accessed online or in a library database...
Castelli, Darla M., et al. "Healthy Outcomes for Teens Project: Diabetes Prevention through Distributed Interactive Learning." Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, vol. 13, no. 3, 2011, pp. 359-64. Gale Academic OneFile, doi.org/10.1089/dia.2010.0125
Takagi, Chiaki. "Third Space Wonderland and the End of the Modern: Representation of Tokyo in the Works of Murakami Haruki." Southeast Review of Asian Studies, vol. 32, 2010, pp. 193-198. Gale Academic OneFile, link.gale.com/apps/doc/A293544446/AONE?u=ccsf_main&sid=AONE&xid=958dfe04
Magazine Article (from a database)
Hiatt, Brian. "The Psychedelic Superhero."Rolling Stone, 1 Sep. 2011, pp. 48-74. ccsf.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f6h&AN=65034462&site=ehost-live.
Newspaper Article (from a website)
Cochrane, Emily, and Noah Weiland. "Hillary Clinton, the N.F.L., Roy Moore and Other Asides from the President." New York Times, 16 Nov. 2018, nyti.ms/2zf1TPB.
If an eBook accessed in a library database...
Bell, Suzanne S. Librarian's Guide to Online Searching: Cultivating Database Skills for Research and Instruction. 4th ed., Libraries Unlimited, 2015.
Siegel, Ethan. Beyond the Galaxy: How Humanity Looked beyond Our Milky Way and Discovered the Entire Universe. World Scientific, 2016. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost), search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=1105694&site=ehost-live
If an eBook chapter accessed from a library database...
Chapter from a Print Book
Jackson, Shirley. "The Lottery." An Introduction to Fiction, edited by X.J. Kennedy, 5th ed., HarperCollins, 1991, pp. 194-200.
Chapter from an eBook
Halopeau, Bruno. "Terrorist Use of the Internet." Cyber Crime and Cyber Terrorism Investigator's Handbook, edited by Babak Akhgar, Andrew Staniforth, and Francesca Bosco, Syngress, 2014. Safari Online, learning.oreilly.com/library/view/cyber-crime-and/9780128007433/B9780128007433000104.xhtml.
"Coping with Stress." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 3 Sep. 2019, www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/suicide/copingwith-stresstips.html.
"MLA Formatting and Style Guide." Purdue Online Writing Lab, owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/mla_style/mla_formatting_and_style_guide/. Accessed 27 Nov. 2019.
Schwartzberg, Louis. Fantastic Fungi. Moving Art, 2019. YouTube Movies, uploaded by Bitmax, 3 Sep 2020, youtu.be/C7abxMxL4so
See more examples of citing images from the MLA Style Center
Concretion of Ceramics from the Hoi An Shipwreck. approx. 1450-1500. Asian Art Museum Chong-Moon Lee Center for Asian Art and Culture, asianart.emuseum.com/view/objects/asitem/items$0040:14318.
(Last Name Page #).
Note: It is okay to omit page numbers from in-text citations if your source does not have them.
You only need the author's last name and the page number
Connect both authors' last names with and, and include the page number.
(Best and Marcus 9)
Use the first author's last name and et al., and include the page number.
(Franck et al. 327)
Use a shortened title of the work and include the page number.
("Impact of Global Warming" 127)
1. Highlight the citation with your cursor.
2. Right click.
3. Select Paragraph.
4. Under Indentation, select Special and Hanging.